By Lee Edwards, Elizabeth Edwards Spalding
The chilly warfare used to be an important clash in American historical past. At stake was once no matter if the area will be ruled by means of the forces of totalitarianism led through the Soviet Union, or encouraged by way of the foundations of monetary and political freedom embodied within the usa. The chilly warfare demonstrated the United States because the chief of the unfastened global and an international superpower. It formed U.S. army process, financial coverage, and family politics for almost 50 years.
In A short heritage of the chilly War, unusual students Lee Edwards and Elizabeth Edwards Spalding recount the pivotal occasions of this protracted fight and clarify the recommendations that finally resulted in victory for freedom. They examine the improvement and implementation of containment, détente, and at last President Reagan's philosophy: "they lose, we win." The chilly conflict teaches vital classes approximately statecraft and America's imperative function on this planet.
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Additional info for A Brief History of the Cold War
He did not have to wait long. The Soviets sought throughout 1945 and the first half of the following year to gain control of the Dardanelles, the waterway between the Black Sea and the eastern Mediterranean. In August 1946, Moscow renewed a demand for a new administration of the straits which would have in effect turned Turkey into a Soviet satellite. Truman responded forcefully by dispatching to the region Containment and the Soviet Expansion (1945–1950) 33 the aircraft carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt along with a contingent of Marines.
He did not explore either the nature of tyranny and liberty or whether communists’ behavior, apart from history and culture, stemmed from their ideology. But as we have seen with the early formation of the Comintern and the post–World War II attempts to bring down the governments of France and Italy, only ideology explains the Soviet Union’s decades-long campaign to communize the world. Kennan rejected any such analysis. S. policy of patience would permit the insecure leaders of the USSR—in perhaps ten to fifteen years—to mellow and loosen their grip on the Russian people.
At the White House meeting, Truman asked Marshall to summarize the case for Greek and Turkish aid, which the secretary did in his usual matter-of-fact way. There was a tepid response from the congressional group. ”18 Silence ensued, broken at last by a solemn Senator Arthur Vandenberg, the Republicans’ foreign policy leader, who said, “Mr. ”19 Truman based the assistance on the belief that governments suited to the peoples of Greece and Turkey would not develop or succeed if tyranny prevailed in those countries.