By National Research Council Staff; Environmental Studies Board
How destructive is acid rain? present critiques vary extensively, partly simply because for each proposed hyperlink among acid rain and antagonistic environmental results an alternate clarification according to different phenomena will be or has been proposed, and in lots of situations can't be without problems pushed aside. the categorical components addressed during this quantity comprise the emissions of sulfur and nitrogen oxides, precipitation chemistry, atmospheric sulfates and visibility, floor water chemistry, sediment chemistry and abundance of diatom taxa, fish populations, and woodland productiveness. The e-book then attracts conclusions in regards to the acid deposition-phenomenon courting, settling on phenomena that are at once acid deposition-caused and suggesting others it seems that as a result of human actions unrelated to acid deposition.
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How destructive is acid rain? present reviews vary commonly, partly simply because for each proposed hyperlink among acid rain and hostile environmental results an alternate rationalization according to different phenomena may be or has been proposed, and in lots of instances can't be with no trouble brushed aside. the explicit components addressed during this quantity comprise the emissions of sulfur and nitrogen oxides, precipitation chemistry, atmospheric sulfates and visibility, floor water chemistry, sediment chemistry and abundance of diatom taxa, fish populations, and woodland productiveness.
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Additional info for Acid Deposition : Atmospheric Processes in Eastern North America
3), and hydrocarbons are high. 5 indicate the spatial distributions of sulfate and nitrate, respectively, weighted by the amount of precipitation that was deposited in North America in 1980. The data were obtained from several monitoring networks in the United States and Canada. Trends in acid deposition in North America have been difficult to discern, and data with which to assess them are sparse. Comparisons of historical data (for example, Cogbill and Likens 1974) have been questioned because of About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.
When both the aquatic and the terrestrial ecosystems are acidified in an area in which rates of mineralization and decomposition of organic matter are low, reversibility is unlikely. Acid deposition results in net accumulations of certain elements and net losses of others in ecosystems over long time scales; the identity of the elements in each category and their rates of change vary with the ecosystem and rates of deposition. The effects of slow but persistent changes may not be apparent for many generations.
1982. Effects of acidic deposition: the importance of nitrogen. Stockholm Conference on Acidification of the Environment. Stockholm: Swedish Ministry of Agriculture. E. C. M. Miller. 1982. The composition of precipitation in remote areas of the world. J. Geophys. Res. 11:8771-8786. M. Hidy. 1982. Review of questions regarding rain acidity data. Atmos. Environ. 15:1597-1604. E. Patterson. 1980. Regional scale air pollution: source and effects. Ann. Y. Acad. Sci. 338:399-417. E. Likens, B. Ulrich, and L.