By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina
This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an monetary rut via new and unique learn referring to construction, help structures, caliber upkeep, and alternate platforms of Havana and its city agricultural region. targeted consciousness is given to various comparable parts, together with felony frameworks, problems with irrigation, ladies and their participation within the agricultural region. This publication has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, determination makers and people with a basic curiosity within the administration and keep an eye on of the city atmosphere.
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Additional resources for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba
Direccion Provincial de Planificacion Fisica de Ciudad de La Habana. December 2000. 2. Oficina Nacional de Estadisticas. Havana, 1995. 3. Direccion Provincial de Planificacion Fisica de Ciudad de La Habana. December 2000. 4. Ibid. 5. Ibid. 6. Ibid. 7. Direccion del Parque Metropolitano de La Habana. 8. Ibid. 9. Ibid. 22 Chapter III EVOLUTION OF URBAN AGRICULTURE IN THE CITY OF HAVANA* This chapter not only describes the progress, achievement and deficiencies of urban agriculture, but also presents a way of evaluating it in its multiple and possible expressions, as a new function of the city.
With the exception of fruit plantations and pastures established when the Havana Belt was developed (mainly mangoes and dairy cattle), the leased land has changed in use or has passed from one hand to another with food production being the main objective. Although this is the primary aim of the people linked to the land, the farmers' culture provides a wider environmental dimension that is difficult to replace by having people working the land either temporarily or seasonally. Security, permanency and traditions are basic elements where environmental sustainability is concerned.
Havana currently has more than 2,000 farmers, located mainly in the immediate outskirts of the city, covering an area of 4,489 ha and growing various crops, with farms of between 3 and 13 ha. Approximately 3 per cent of these farmers are within the urbanized area, in plots of up to 3 ha in size. Their activities cover the cultivation of several crops, the raising of small and large livestock, and the growing of flowers and ornamental plants. In the 1990s, when urban agriculture started to be developed as a result of the economic crisis, the farmers in Havana, who were already organized in Bases Campesinas de la Asociacion Nacional de Agricultores Pequenos (ANAP), changed to the CCS partnership mode.