American Corrections , Eighth Edition by Todd R. Clear

By Todd R. Clear

Have a look at the yank corrections process from the point of view of the corrections employee and the criminal in AMERICAN CORRECTIONS, 8th version. accomplished but no longer overwhelming, the textbook covers either institutional and group sanctions in a balanced manner. High-profile corrections instances taken from fresh headlines dramatize real-life occasions. you are going to discover subject matters corresponding to supporting felons through the re-entry strategy, decreasing recidivism, the demise penalty, surveillance, and careers in corrections.

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Extra resources for American Corrections , Eighth Edition

Sample text

The various components of criminal justice—police, prosecutors, courts, corrections—also function as a system. Goals Corrections is a complicated web of disparate processes that, ideally, serve two goals—fair punishment and community protection. These twin goals not only defi ne the purpose of corrections but also serve as criteria by which we evaluate correctional work. Correctional activities make sense when they seem to punish offenders fairly or offer some sense of protection. The thought of an unfair or unsafe correctional practice distresses most people.

These subunits—probation offices, halfway houses, prisons, and others—vary in size, goals, clientele, and organizational structure. Some are government agencies; others are private organizations contracted by government to provide specific services to correctional clients. A probation office is organized differently from a halfway house or a prison, yet all three are part of the corrections system and pursue the goals of corrections. There are, however, important differences among subunits of the same general type.

At times correctional agencies may seem to work at odds with one another or with other aspects of the criminal justice process. Corrections has a reciprocal relationship with its environment. That is, correctional practices affect the community, and community values and expectations in turn affect corrections. For example, if the prison system provides inadequate drug treatment, offenders return to the community with the same drug problems they had when they were locked up. When citizens then lose confidence in a corrections system, they tend not to spend tax dollars on its programs.

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